“But the bullies were in for a surprise…I didn’t react the way they expected. The previous year, my PE teacher had decided to teach us the basics of Aikido, one of his passions. Deeply affected by Aikido’s philosophy of non-violent self-defense, bolstered by my newly acquired church teachings to “turn the other cheek,” I had become militantly pacifistic. So, I refused to fight. If they persisted, I’d use the Aikido techniques I’d learned to defend myself. But only that.”
Brian Kagen is an avid web researcher with a particular interest in martial arts. His training background includes both judo and aikido. He has contributed hundreds of article links over the years for AJ readers.